Is morality absolute or relative?

The question of whether morality is absolute or relative is a central topic in ethics and philosophy. It pertains to whether moral values and principles are objective and universal or whether they are subjective and contingent on cultural, societal, or individual perspectives. Philosophers and ethicists have proposed various perspectives on this issue. Ethical absolutism asserts that there are objective and universal moral truths that apply to all individuals and cultures, independent of personal beliefs or societal norms. In contrast, ethical relativism suggests that moral values are contingent on cultural, societal, or individual factors, and what is considered morally right or wrong can vary from one context to another. Cultural relativism, for example, contends that moral values are culturally determined and should be understood within their cultural context. The debate between absolutism and relativism has significant implications for ethical theory and practice, influencing discussions on human rights, moral diversity, and ethical decision-making. It remains a complex and nuanced philosophical inquiry, and various ethical theories attempt to reconcile or bridge the gap between these contrasting views.