Is there an objective reality?

The question of whether there is an objective reality independent of human perception and observation is a central topic in philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysics. It raises questions about the nature of knowledge, truth, and the relationship between the observer and the observed. Philosophical discussions on objective reality include debates between realism and idealism. Realism posits that an objective reality exists independently of human consciousness and perception. According to this view, the external world has properties and characteristics that exist even when unobserved. Idealism, on the other hand, suggests that reality is constructed by the mind, and the external world is a product of perception. Philosophers also explore issues related to skepticism and the reliability of sensory perception as sources of knowledge about the external world. In the realm of science, the pursuit of objective truth relies on empirical observations and the assumption that an objective reality exists. Scientific theories and models aim to describe and explain aspects of this reality. However, the question of whether an objective reality truly exists, and if so, to what extent it is accessible to human knowledge, remains a subject of philosophical inquiry and debate.